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What kinds of long-term complications can you expect from a TBI?

by | Oct 30, 2023 | Personal Injury

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are a common occurrence in the wake of motor vehicle accidents.

While victims with mild and moderate TBIs may seem to eventually make a full recovery, any brain injury has the potential to trigger progressive changes that affect broad areas of someone’s life.

A broad array of symptoms can show long after the initial injury heals

The future consequences of a TBI can vary significantly depending on the severity of the injury, the specific area of the brain that is damaged, the victim’s overall health and their age at the time of the injury. Long-term, victims may experience:

  • Cognitive impairments: TBIs can result in long-lasting cognitive deficits, including difficulties with memory, attention and problem-solving.
  • Emotional and behavioral changes: TBIs can lead to emotional and behavioral problems such as depression, anxiety, irritability, mood swings, impulsivity and/or aggression, negatively affecting their relationships with others.
  • Physical disabilities: Depending on the severity and location of the brain injury, TBI victims may experience long-term physical disabilities, including weakness, paralysis, coordination problems and difficulties with balance and motor skills.
  • Sensory impairments: TBI can result in sensory deficits, including vision and hearing problems that can make it harder for victims to navigate their environment and communicate effectively.
  • Headaches: Chronic headaches, including migraines, can be a long-term consequence of TBI.
  • Sleep disturbances: TBI can lead to sleep disturbances, including either insomnia or hypersomnia (excessive sleepiness), both of which can affect someone’s overall well-being and ability to function normally.
  • Social and relationship challenges: The cognitive and behavioral changes associated with TBI can strain personal relationships, making it harder for victims to maintain friendships and family connections.
  • Employment and educational challenges: Many people with TBIs find it difficult to return to work or school due to cognitive and physical limitations.
  • Increased risk of neurodegenerative diseases: Studies indicate that individuals with a history of TBI have a 24% higher risk of developing neurodegenerative conditions that lead to dementia, such as Alzheimer’s disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

Rehabilitation and support can significantly improve outcomes for TBI patients, thanks to specific treatment and strategies based on the individual’s unique needs and challenges. Seeking legal guidance can help you make certain that the money is there to meet those treatment needs, if the TBI in question was caused by another’s actions or inactions.